Pakistan on Thursday conducted a successful flight test of the Shaheen-A1 surface to a surface ballistic missile which was aimed at re-validating certain designs and technical parameters of the weapon system according to the army statement.
The flight test of Shaheen-A1 surface to the surface ballistic missile was witnessed by Lieutenant Gen. Nadeem Zaki Manj, Director-General Strategic Plans Divisions, Lieutenant Gen.Muhammad Ali, the Commander Army Strategic Forces Command, and the scientists and engineers of strategic organizations.
President Arif Alvi, prime minister Imran Khan, and other senior army leadership congratulated the scientists and engineers on this achievement.
This is not the first time the Pakistan military is conducting a successful surface to surface ballistic missile this year because, in March, Pakistan armed forces had successfully conducted a test launch of the nuclear-capable Shaheen 1-A medium-range ballistic missile with a range of 900 kilometres.
As Pakistan rivalry with India increased, the Pakistan military adapted the new nuclear doctrine which is the atheoretical concept of military strategy that promotes deterrence by guaranteeing an immediate ” massive retaliation” to an aggressive attack against the state because the Pakistan military concluded that due to its small size and weak economy compared to India, it was unwise to try and match India in weapon by weapon or personals.
This nuclear doctrine adapted by the Pakistan military ensured enough deterrence against India which has more resources than Pakistan as Pakistan foreign minister Shamshad Ahmad had warned that if Pakistan was ever attacked or invaded, it will use ” any weapon in its arsenal” to defend itself.
With this nuclear doctrine, the Pakistan military put up a stage by stage level of advancement in which the nuclear threat is increased at each step to deter India or any other aggressive state from attacking; they include (1) public or private warning, (2)a demonstration atomic test of a small atomic device on its own soil,(3) the use of (a) nuclear weapon(s) on Pakistan soil against foreign attacking forces, (4) the use (a) nuclear weapon(s) against critical but purely military targets on foreign soil, probably in thinly populated areas in the desert or semi-desert, causing the least collateral damage. this is done to prevent retaliation against Pakistan cities.
Pakistan and India have a long-running dispute over Kashmir and cross-border terrorism and some other issues like culture and religious differences which is why both countries are inconsistent conflict. both India and Pakistan have nuclear weapons for deterrence.
This successful test of Shaheen-A1 surface to surface ballistic missile will increase Pakistan’s capabilities in deterring the enemy and will offer a different choices of weapons during a war.